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Interview with Iran's Foreign Ministry Spokesman

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TEHRAN, April 5 (ICANA) – Due to the fact that the foreign policy is of supreme importance for all countries, it is definitely always a focal point for the rulers.
Tuesday, April 05, 2011 2:10:43 PM
Interview with Iran's Foreign Ministry Spokesman

Likewise the issue is attached significance in Iran. But here on the pretext that the key objectives of foreign policy are delineated by the Supreme Leader, the governments sometimes shun accepting their strategic and tactical flaws. 

On the other hand, some officials regard themselves the main decision-makers of Iranian diplomacy and make statements as if they are tasked with defining the general lines. 

Foreign Ministry Spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast believes that it's possible the tendency of a government contradicts the key diplomatic policies and strategies but in the Islamic Republic system such actions are averted.

Referring to the relations between various organizations influencing Iranian foreign policy, he says because of the particular importance and form of the diplomatic system of the country the president, the Supreme National Security Council, Majlis (Parliament), the Office of the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and some other relevant institutions interact with each other on the issue.


Is it that any government defines diplomatic priorities based on its own policies or such priorities are asserted within the framework delineated by the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution?  


The tendencies and priorities may change in executing general policies at the top level of decision-making. For example in the construction period (during the presidential term of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani the head of the expediency Council), our diplomatic priority was to develop economic cooperation and encouragement of foreign investment. For this purpose we had to boost our relation with those countries which could help us in such development or could invest in our country. Furthermore it was necessary to pass laws which could enable the foreign investors to work on Iranian projects.


At the times of reform (during the presidential term of the moderate Mohammad Khatami) the economic aspect of foreign policy was marginalized at the price of cultural cooperation and dialogue between the civilizations and religions.


Those days our main goal was not economic development, therefore less measures were taken to improve economic corporation with other countries.


The focal point of the ninth and tenth government of the Islamic Republic was the ideals, primary objectives of the revolution and the rights of the nation in the domain of the foreign policy. For the same reason our approach to nuclear program and to role we had to play in the international scene was changed.


In last years what has been the initiatives and opportunities we followed in the field of nuclear diplomacy and how did we take advantage of them?


Those countries which oppose the rights of our nation always level accusations and put us under a hard pressure to force us take a defensive position. Based on their plan we are not supposed to find an opportunity to assert our true rights and would remain silent about their offenses.


In our new approach as a country which signed UN none proliferation treaty (NPT) we succeeded to powerfully defend our rights. The strenuous defense our country has done of its rights had led the other countries to do the same and officially spoke of their nuclear programs. These countries which have come to the scene feel that the way is paved for them.


You indicated to a new approach to nuclear diplomacy, what do you mean?


It means that we discussed the problem in a way to take an all-embracing look to that. Nuclear activity and UN none proliferation treaty which provides a framework for judging the commitment and actions of the countries has set three important issues on its agenda. One is centered on disarmament which should have been followed permanently and firmly since it had turned to a forgotten issue. No country allowed itself to question the powerful countries which have stockpiled their atomic weapons, but now it has turned to a serious question.


Despite all the pressures, almost 60 countries actively participated at the conference held in our country on the issue of disarmament and proved that an international will exists which is insisting on nuclear weapons disarmament. So the revival of an important principle of NPT was set as our agenda. 


The second issue is the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons which no serious effort was made to put it into practice, as the Zionist regime of Israel was equipped with nuclear warheads by those countries which own nuclear armaments.


In the meantime no one was allowed to question the problem. But in the revision conference of NPT in New York, a consensus was made to question the nuclear activities of the Zionist regime, to monitor such activities earnestly and make that regime response to questions and suspicions.


Therefore as the second principle of NPT, the issue of nonproliferation is firmly put at the spotlight. Discussion on wiping the world including the Middle East from nuclear weapons is a subject which is directly addressed the Zionist regime.


The third issue is the nuclear programs of all countries in a peaceful framework which has been considerably developed. Firstly our country has proved that it has never deviated from peaceful objectives. On a political pretext, the West may repeat their allegations saying that our nuclear program is targeted at building nuclear weapons, but we witness that all reports provided by the Secretary General of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) maintain that without any deviation, our nuclear program is aimed at peaceful purposes.


But because of their political motives, the West powers say that they can not be sure that Iran's nuclear program will be followed peacefully in future. The same suspicion made at any country but why do they simply try to put Iran under pressure?


A new ground is prepared for all countries to exercise their own right in utilizing nuclear energy, express their views on nuclear programs, sign agreements with those countries which own such technology and build their own plants. So generally in terms of peaceful nuclear activities, compared with the past six or seven years ago, the status of our country has been increasingly elevated and now we are in a much better position. (khabaronline.ir)

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