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Iranian Lawmakers Must Have Master's Degrees: GC

Service : Politic
TEHRAN, May 8 (ICANA) –The Islamic Republic of Iran's Guardian Council (GC) confirmed master's degree is a must for the candidates who are to run for the next round of the parliamentary election slated for March 2012.
Sunday, May 08, 2011 9:11:17 PM
Iranian Lawmakers Must Have Master's Degrees: GC

Speaking to Khabar Online, Abbas Ali Kadkhodaei, spokesman of the Guardian Council referred to the latest act of the Majlis (Parliament) amending article 28 of the election law which was passed in 1999 and the other amendments made later.

"At the recent session of Guardian Council this ratified plan was not judged against the Sharia (Islamic law) and Islamic Republic of Iran's constitution," he said.

The Guardian Council is a powerful legislative body composed of 12 jurists, including six clerics appointed by the Supreme Leader of the Revolution and six jurists elected by the Majlis from among the Muslim jurisprudents. The Council observes the records of presidential and parliamentary candidates and is authorized to approve or disapprove them. It also interprets the Islamic Republic's constitution and may reject bills from the Majlis which deems incompatible the constitution or Sharia.

The last amendment Iranian lawmakers made to the law of parliamentary election dates back to March 2011 when they set new conditions for the parliamentary candidates, including a master's degree, or a bachelor's degree with five years of executive, educational or research management.

 The difference between the above ratified plan with the law passed by the 7th Majlis is that earlier any executive record was acceptable but based on what ratified by the 8th Majlis, the holders of a bachelor's degree should have executive managerial records.

At that time Guardian Council deemed such amendments against the principles eight and nine of the Islamic Republic's constitution which rejects discriminatory measures against people and underlines their role in determining the political future of the country. This way the issue of this amendment to the election law was considered in an open session of the Majlis.

But the lawmakers insisted on their earlier passed bill and ultimately set a master's degree as a condition for the nominees and eliminated having a bachelor's degree and five years of executive experience as the relevant conditions. After the law was passed, Majlis Speaker Ali Larijani stressed that from now on no one with having a bachelor's degree will be qualified as a candidate for parliamentary election.

According to the spokesman of the Guardian Council, the top legislative body also approved the latest Majlis amendments, as it had previously endorsed the law passed by the lawmakers in the seventh Majlis which had set a bachelor's degree and five years of executive works as the conditions for competing in parliamentary election.

The ratification of such amendments can perhaps be regarded as the lack of a comprehensive election law. Each year one of the issues raised in the open sessions of the Majlis is the need for passing a comprehensive law for holding the elections. Although both the government and the Majlis have promised to do that several times in the past, due to different reasons it has yet to be materialized.

In the meantime through making a number of amendments to the current law, the parliament members have tried to remove its weak points, but the problems still exist. One of them is making hasty amendments to the existing law which not only does not eliminate the problems of the problems of the election law but even in some instances it adds to the problems.

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